Last Week’s News: “Wasting Jamaica” by Diana McCaulay
Ms. McCaulay’s blog post really needs little introduction. Aside from her obvious love of and grief over the treatment of Jamaica’s environment by Jamaicans and the Jamaican government, I was struck by her description of the GOJ’s response to the situation in Pedro Cays. O? Keep it hidden, eh? Don’t be rude? Well maybe the world needs to know…the number of environmentally conscious consumers is growing…they are interested, knowledgeable, love causes and crusades, and can be powerful…so, yeah, maybe the world does need to know exactly the conditions in which 400 Jamaicans live and in which their delectable conch is harvested. Just a thought…about to become action…. Because while I cannot understand or condone humans treating their environment as the residents of Pedro Cays have, I also cannot countenance that the people’s government would react in the way they did: shame but not because its citizens live in squalor but because they do not want to be embarrassed; concern but not for the health and safety of people but for the lobster and conch breeding and harvesting.
Fuckry. Sad. Yet the adage is true: the people get the government that they deserve.
Check out Ms. McCaulay’s website for info about her work – including 2 well-received books – and for more blog posts. Congrats and thanks to JET for the work they do on behalf of Jamaicans and Jamaica’s environment.
O and related news in case you missed it, the Caribbean’s coral reefs are in A LOT OF TROUBLE, Jamaica’s are among the worst, i.e. most threatened. Read more here and here and here. Fishing across the world is threatened because of the effects of climate change — like ocean acidification, rising ocean temperatures — and we’re over fishing and not protecting, and therefore losing our coral reefs twice over. If nothing else, I thought that we were serious about tourism, and so would be serious about protecting the resources upon which the industry depends? I have wondered about this before…bewilderment is an understatement. Fun times.
Ms. McCaulay’s September 18, 2012 post “Wasting Jamaica” is reproduced below because I think it needs to be shared and read widely. Please read…and take action…if even it is to start being more responsible about your immediate environment - your yard, your apartment or townhouse complex’s parking lot, your office’s car park, the area where you go to lunch, the friend who likes to litter. You get the idea. Start small and be realistic and consistent.
On the morning after the 2012 beach clean up of Ft Rocky by the Jamaica Environment Trust (JET), one of our staff members went to check on the site. There he found the mountain of waste taken off the beach by over 2,000 volunteers uncollected – the National Solid Waste Management Authority (NSWMA) had been said to be “on their way” the previous afternoon. In addition, he found a pile of burning waste – drugs, he assumed – continuing the long standing practice of the burning of waste near the beach by the Police. For the third year running, JET had either raised the money or begged equipment and removed this residue before the clean up. JET had also written to both the Police Commissioner and the Jamaica National Heritage Trust asking that this practice cease – the JNHT having responsibility for the heritage site of Ft Rocky. Yet there it was happening again, the day after beach clean up. It was too much. I put my head in my hands and I wept.
The previous Wednesday, I had been taken by helicopter to the Pedro Cays, one of the 64 clean up sites around Jamaica. There, I confronted a very Jamaican circle of hell – some 400 Jamaicans, 90 miles out to sea, in shacks and meager shelters, without running water, sanitation or garbage management on a 10 acre island, surrounded by the Caribbean Sea. We landed on Middle Cay and the downdraft of the helicopter sent the lighter items of garbage flying to fall unnoticed in the sea. The Masked Booby birds, some sitting on eggs, held their ground in the small patches of sand and vegetation adjacent to a burning dump, the scale of which is difficult to appreciate, unless you have stood there, and tried to come to grips with the staggering amount of waste produced by a relatively small number of people. Nor was the garbage confined to the dump area. Horrific as that was, it was worse to see the waste flung everywhere, on every square inch of what should have been and could yet be an idyllic small island, a refuge for seabirds, surrounded by healthy coral reefs, teeming with fish.
Where, I wondered, do our attitudes to waste come from? Why is it that so many of us are comfortable with strewing our waste where we live, even as these practices make us ill, result in the flooding of our property, and threaten land, sea and life itself? At beach clean up every year, people who spend hours cleaning up the beach still litter where they eat. One corporate sponsor provided food for their volunteers in Styrofoam trays, obviously giving no thought at all to the irony of cleaning beaches and adding to the pile of waste afterwards.
I took two members of the press with me to the Pedro Cays. After 21 years of running an environmental non profit group, I know if it is not in the press, it is on no one’s agenda. After the story hit the media, I was invited to meet with the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries on the day before beach clean up. We packed ourselves into a too small meeting room, chock full of numerous representatives from various ministries. A lecture was delivered about there being no need for anyone to be rude and the dangers of having these issues in the press, because now ANYONE can know what is happening in Jamaica. Yes, there is the conch industry located on the Pedro Bank, and most of the conch is exported. Suppose the buyers find out how it is produced… no, that wouldn’t look good. Perhaps there might even be Repercussions.
Everywhere you look in Jamaica, there is manifest failure to govern. The political parties are about appeasement, about making their supporters happy, about making themselves look good, about launches and photo ops. If any action – no matter how essential – is going to lose votes, it can’t be taken. So although a 1940s study stated that Jamaican fisheries were overfished, because there were “too many men chasing too few fish,” there has been steadfast refusal by the Ministry of Agriculture and its Fisheries Division to take the necessary steps to manage our fisheries. What is needed is known: No spear fishing, no night fishing, no Hookah gear, no seine nets, increase in pot mesh sizes, no possession of conch and lobster in closed seasons, the establishment of large fish sanctuaries, protection of nursery areas (specifically mangroves and seagrass beds), protection of herbivorous fish (like parrot fish), strict enforcement, heavy fines and confiscation of boats and equipment for breaches. But it is not done. None of it is done. Oh every now and then some individual fisher is taken to court and fined a few hundred dollars and his fish pots confiscated. He’ll be back at sea within a month.
The Ministry of Agriculture is a big building, as are all government buildings. These buildings contain floors of people, car parks of vehicles, multimillion dollar budgets. Yet government agencies in Jamaica declare themselves to be helpless, without the required budgets, without the needed resources, action has to be approached with decades of caution, issues must be studied, the studies must be revised after years of failure to implement a single recommendation, the studies themselves must be studied. The people in the buildings collect their pay, money is borrowed to meet those payrolls, and the politicians bluster and insist on civility.
It is a perfect storm of abdication of responsibility. We abdicate our personal responsibility for the waste we ourselves generate, we feel entitled to consume and throw away whatever we want wherever we want and someone else must pick up after us. The responsible government agencies point fingers at each other. And the politicians make the usual promises, look to blame the other political party and know without question this issue will blow over as the next national scandal claims the headlines.
The filthy beach of Middle Cay is a perfect symbol of Jamaica itself – an island wasted by the people who live on it.